Allergy is such a problem which is medically known as hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system. It may happen due to an unsuitability of medicines, atmospheric effects like dust and smoke and pollution, food, insect stings, and infectious diseases during early childhood. People have to suffer the symptoms like sneezing, coughing, itching, hay fever, skin reactions and swelling in the body.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

Allergy can occur due to any of the above reasons; it may occur due to a disliked vegetable like mushroom or can be a problem of smoke on the road. Allergies can hit any person without any restriction of age or climate.

These factors can be major reasons of Allergies:


  • Mushroom
  • Prawns
  • Eggs
  • Peanuts
  • Sesame
  • Eggplant


  • Dust
  • Smoke
  • Pollution

Medicines Reactions

  • Aspirin
  • Skin medications
  • Any drugs which is incompatible with the body

Other Factors

  • Animals like Dogs and Cats Dander
  • Latex
  • Genetic Disorders


Allergic symptoms may vary from person to person. It may depend on the atmosphere and the genetic factors of the patient.

  • Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis)
  • Hives
  • Poison Ivy
  • Plant Allergies
  • Bee sting Allergy
  • Runny Nose
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Itching
  • Swelling of mouth, lips and face
  • Redness on the skin
  • Purple spots on the skin
  • Obesity
  • Eye allergies like redness and watery eyes

Signs and Tests

An allergy skin test is used to identify the substances that are causing your allergy reactions. The two common methods are used which are as hereunder:

Allergy Blood Test

Allergy blood tests detect and measure the amount of allergen-specific antibodies in your blood. When you come into contact with an allergy trigger, known as an allergen, your body makes antibodies against it. Allergy blood tests may be referred to as immunoassay tests and include:

  • Enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay medically known as ELISA Test
  • Radio-allegro-sorbent test or (RAST) Test

Allergy Skin Test

  • Scratch Test: A small disposable pricking device is then used on the pre-cleansed skin so the extract can enter into the outer layer of the skin, called the epidermis. The skin prick is not a shot and doesn’t cause bleeding.
  • Intradermal Test: After checking and cleaning the skin, a small amount of the allergen is vaccinated just under the skin which is same as tuberculosis test.
  • Patch Test: In this process the application of an allergen to a patch which is followed by placing on the skin.


Proper prevention from circumstances can be a solution to allergies. Here people should take care of what they eat and about all the aspects by which they may face allergic reactions.

  • If you have allergies, you should avoid pets with feathers or fur like birds, dogs and cats. Animal saliva and dead skin, or pet dander, can cause allergic reactions.
  • Wear an air purification mask before going out from your home to avoid dust and smoke allergy.
  • Avoid such foods from which you can experience adverse reactions or allergies.
  • Before taking any medication such as antihistamines, cold medicines or any other drugs talk to your healthcare provider about them.

Allergy Treatment

There is no remedy for allergies, but there are some types of medications available in prescription and non-prescription to comfort the irritating symptoms of allergies. These allergy drugs include antihistamines, decongestants, combination drugs, corticosteroids, and others.

Drugs like; Benadryl, Allegra, Cetirizine, Xyzal, Clarinex, Optivar, Pseudoephedrine, and many decongestants, antihistamines and Corticosteroids.