Anti-Fungal

An antifungal medication is a medicine which is used to cure fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, ringworm, candidiasis or thrush, serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, diaper rashes, yeast infections and others. Such drugs are usually obtained by a doctor’s prescription or purchased from any medical store.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

Fungal skin infections usually affect your skin because they live off keratin, a protein that makes up your skin, hair and nails. Fungal infections are generally caused by the combined attack of fungus and bacteria which make the skin red, itchy and scaly. Sometimes it causes blisters and cracked skin.

Reasons of fungal Infections by various Fungus and Bacteria and they are folows:

  • Onychomycosis: This is the name for any fungal nail infection. Tinea unguium commonly ringworm of your nails is a common infection.
  • Ringworm of the groin: This is often called ‘jock itch’ because it occurs in sportspersons and is common among young men.
  • Intertrigo: Intertrigo is a yeast infection of skin folds caused by the fungus Candida albicans, which lives on your skin and in your digestive system.

There are several risks Factors associated with those people of Fungal Infections who are as follows:

  • Those who have recently completed a course of antibiotics
  • People who are taking steroids
  • People who have diabetes
  • Those who are weighty
  • Those who have had fungal skin infections in the medical history
  • People who have a damaged immune system caused, , by cancer or HIV/AIDS

Symptoms

The symptoms and appearance of a fungal skin infection be determined by on the type of fungus causing it and the part of your body affected.
The symptoms of Fungal Infections are as follows:

  • Dry and Flaky Skin
  • Ringworms
  • Nail infections
  • Yeast Infections
  • Vaginal Yeast Infections
  • Itching
  • Athlete’s Foot
  • Thrush
  • Itchy Scalp
  • Hair Loss
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis

Signs and Tests

  • Blood Tests are performed to diagnose Antibodies and Antigen.
  • Several Tests are performed in the laboratory for skin, hair and nail tissue.

Prevention

Following some prevention tricks people can avoid having fungal infections. There are some safety measures which you can follow to lessen your risk of getting a fungal skin infection.

  • You should dry your skin carefully after bathing
  • You should wear loose fitting cotton clothes and underwear
  • Make sure to wear cotton socks and natural fiber underwear to allow your skin to breathe
  • Try not to share towels, hair brushes, and combs
  • Regularly wash bed linen and clothes with antiseptic lotions
  • Reject all infected pillows, hats, combs or scissors with bleach if someone in your family has scalp ringworm
  • Always wear flip-flops or airy footwear’s in common area such as swimming pools
  • Always change alternate shoes every two or three days so that they have time to dry out which help to prevent athlete’s foot
  • Wear synthetic fibers that drive away the sweat away from the body, helping to keep your skin dry while exercising and sprinkle antifungal powder in your closed shoes.

Treatment

There are a variety of treatments available in the form of creams, lotions and medicated powders. If the rash covers quite a large area of your skin, or affects your nails or scalp, you may need to take some tablets, capsules, shampoos for scalp infections, sprays for athlete’s foot.

Antifungals which are used to treat fungal infections are Nizoral, Trosyl, Diflucan, Lamisil, Vfend, Coal Tar Shampoos, Noxafyl, terbinafine, itraconazole and griseofulvin.

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