Arthritis

"Arthritis" is a problem of bones denoting to more than hundred types of ailments that affect the joints. Some common symptoms include joint swelling, lasting joint pain, and warmth in a joint. In most cases, the cause of the condition is unidentified. However, there are several risk factors that make a person more likely to develop it. The common names of Arthritis kinds are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout, Psoriac Arthritis, Osteoarthritis and Septic Arthritis. There are four kinds of category of Arthritis

  • Inflammatory
  • Non-Inflammatory
  • Infectious
  • Hemorrhagic

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

The condition can develop spasm in joints in almost any part of the body. Some forms of arthritis cause changes you can see and feel such as swelling, warmth, and redness in your joints. The most common type of non-inflammatory arthritis is osteoarthritis. Medical scientists do not know the actual reason or causes of osteoarthritis. But these are some of the risk factors which could lead to this problem:

  • Getting older
  • Gender
  • Being overweight
  • Genetics
  • Having weak muscles
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Joint injuries
  • Repetitive stresses on the joints.

Arthritis Symptoms

Although different types of arthritis have different symptoms, there are certain symptoms which are found common in several types of Arthritis:

  • Pain in a joint or joints
  • Joint stiffness
  • Joint swelling or tenderness
  • Problems using or moving a joint normally
  • Warmth and redness in a joint

Arthritis Signs and Tests

There is no one specific test that can be used for diagnosing arthritis. A family history of any medical conditions, including gout and arthritis could be a factor which is diagnosed commonly.

These are some of the tests which can be performed to find out if the patients are really suffering from any of the arthritis symptoms.

  • X-rays or other imaging tests
  • Blood tests
  • Other tests

Sometimes your orthopedic specialist may recommend a magnetic resonance imaging test (MRI). This test can be used to detect joint and soft-tissue inflammation that cannot be seen on x-rays.

Prevention

Some risk factors for arthritis can be controlled and some cannot. But following some lifestyle changes could protect you to have arthritis and they are:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating a well-balanced, healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Preventing joint injuries
  • Having Calcium supplements
  • Exercising on regular basis
  • Eating fruits, vegetables, grains, fiber, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products
  • Having lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts

Arthritis Treatment

There are many possible treatments of Arthritis, and people generally look for using less medication as arthritis medications are more painkillers. People consider natural cure options for this problem because there are issues with side effects of medications, and people wish for greater relief of symptoms of this problems which are more natural and safer.

Some natural methods are:

  • Having Glucosamine-chondroitin products
  • Sam-e
  • Consumption of Vitamin D
  • Wearing Magnetic bracelets

The other way to treat Arthritis is to exercise which can help with weight reduction, reduce joint pain and stiffness and increase flexibility and muscle strength.

Medications

Several different drugs can be used as medications for arthritis. There are some categories by which healthcare providers have segregated the treatment of arthritis:

  • Pain killers, such as Acetaminophen and Aspirin
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Corticosteroids
  • Disease-modifying anti- rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
  • Biological response modifiers
  • Colchicine or other gout medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Other medications, such as creams or sprays

Some medicines to be mentioned primarily to treat arthritis are Ibuprofen, Naproxen or naproxen sodium, Celecoxib, Indomethacin, Diclofenac, Etodolac , Meloxicam, Nabumetone and others.