Birth Control

Birth Control simply means prevention of pregnancy. This can be done by several methods called contraception. There are various methods of contraception are birth control pills, morning after pills, Condoms, safe sex methods and other medical processes

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

Pregnancy is indeed the happiest thing can ever happen to a couple’s life. But due to some reasons of career issues, financial problem and other major issues some couple tries to avoid having a child.  There are some risk factors which could develop into unwanted pregnancy.

Some risk factors which could lead to pregnancy are:

  • Having sex in the ovulation/ fertile period
  • Bursting of Condom during Sex
  • Wrong time of having morning after pills
  • Not having any mode of contraception
  • Physical Abuse

Symptoms

Symptoms of pregnancy vary for each woman. It can also vary during the different stages of pregnancy like in the trimesters and even among different pregnancies for the same woman.

Some of the common symptoms of pregnancy are:

  • A missed period
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequency of urination
  • Tender, swollen breasts
  • Tiredness
  • Light bleeding, called implantation bleeding
  • Increased sensitivity to odors

Signs and Tests

A woman can find out if she’s pregnant by using a pregnancy test, which checks for the presence of HCG (the pregnancy hormone) in a woman’s blood or urine.

Urine Tests
Today, the mass number of women uses a urine test, or home pregnancy test (HPT), to find out if they are pregnant. The pregnancy test kits are easily available in the market and it can be done very easily by using the first morning urine. These kits do not cost too much and are able to maintain privacy also.

Blood Tests
There are two types of blood pregnancy tests which are done to find out pregnancy or the viability of the fetus:

  • Quantitative blood test
    A quantitative blood pregnancy test (or the beta HCG test) measures the exact amount of HCG in the blood. This means that this pregnancy test can collect very small amounts of HCG, making it a very accurate test.
  • Qualitative Blood Test
    A qualitative HCG blood test gives a quick and accurate answer as to whether you are pregnant. This pregnancy test is more like a urine test in terms of its accuracy.

Prevention

One of the most common forms of contraception, birth control pills is used to prevent pregnancy. Besides preventing pregnancy, some types of birth control pills are also approved for treating acne and premenstrual disorders.

There are also different ways to prevent pregnancy:

  • Using Birth Control Pills and Others Forms of Contraception such as condoms
  • Following the Calendar method while having sex i.e. having sex at the time when the woman is not ovulating.
  • Injecting medicines to washing out vagina with different solutions killing sperms
  • Following the method of Interrupted Coitus where pulling out penis is done right before ejaculation, thus, avoiding the possibility for sperm to get to vagina.
  • Using a female condom is a small sack made of polyurethane, the one end of which is placed into vagina and its edges are placed on vulva lips.

Treatment

There is a great variety of birth control pills and various contraceptives that can help you avoid undesirable pregnancy. Each of them has its advantages as well as the disadvantages.

Birth Control Pills

  • Combined Birth Control Pills: These pills contain an estrogen and a progestin. These are the most effective and most commonly used birth control pills.
  • Progestin Pills: These pills contain only a progestin. These are less effective and are usually reserved for women who cannot take combined birth control pills, such as breastfeeding women or women with clotting disorders.
  • Other birth control pills are classified as either extended-cycle pills, which decrease the number of menstrual periods per year, or continuous-cycle pills, which completely eliminate scheduled menstrual periods.