Dental Care

Dental care is to take care of the teeth from different problem such as plaque, tooth decay, gingivitis, bad breath, pyorrhea, gum bleeding, and cavity. These problems arise due to lack of oral hygiene and low maintenance of your mouth assets.  Taking proper dental care not only keeps you healthy but also becomes an important factor to your personality.

Reasons, occurrence and Risk Factors

The most important and sometimes the only problem of Dental issues is food habit. A well balanced diet or eating correctly can never lead to any tooth problems. Many foods that are rich in sugar, along with fizzy drinks, candy and carbohydrates, contribute to several tooth problems.

There are some risk factors which can lead to various dental problems:

  • Chewing Tobacco or Smoking
  • Foods rich in sugar
  • Soft Drinks
  • Coffee
  • Diabetes
  • Multiplication of Bacteria on the teeth
  • Personal Bad habits
  • Broken Teeth or Injured teeth by accidents
  • Getting less Fluoride
  • Using wrong toothbrush
  • Bruxism
  • Canker Sores


There are many symptoms of tooth eruption which are suffering to the tooth, such as when it is broken or chipped, and gingivitis or gum disease. These problems can cause openings in the tooth enamel, affect the gums make it swollen and bleeding which allows bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (called the pulp). The infection may also spread from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth.

These are some of the common symptoms which are the symbols of Dental Problems:

  • Pain while chewing
  • Continuous pain on the gums
  • Sensitivity of the teeth to hot or cold
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Foul smell to the breath
  • Swollen and bleeding gums
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling
  • Redness and swelling of the gums
  • Swollen area of the upper or lower jaw
  • Fever
  • An open, draining sore on the side of the gum

Signs and Tests

These are some of the generic tests which are done to find dental problems:

  • Dental X- Rays: Dental X-rays are pictures of the teeth, bones, and soft tissues around them to help find problems with the teeth, mouth, and jaw. X-ray pictures can show cavities, hidden dental structures such as wisdom teeth, and bone loss that cannot be seen during a visual examination. Dental X-rays may also be done as follow-up after dental treatments.
  • Salivary Diagnostics: Medical researchers have studied saliva in an effort to detect tooth decay risk, periodontitis (gum disease), oral cancer, salivary gland diseases, and viral infections such as HIV and HCV.
  • Periodontal Tests: This test determines if you have any genetic problem that put you at greater risk for severe gum disease, or have any chances of tooth loss.


There are some preventive measures that may reduce and possibly remove the occurrence of oral health disease:

  • Regular brushing twice a day with good toothpaste
  • Regular Flossing
  • Using an antibacterial mouthwash regularly
  • Visiting the dentist on periodical basis
  • Avoid drinking overly fluoridated as this may cause teeth to become discolored, and may cause the enamel of the teeth to look spotted, pitted, or stained
  • Following a healthy diet rich with calcium


The treatments which are done to remove dental problems are depended on the respective ailment.

Some common treatments of Dental Problem are

  • Scaling
  • Surgery
  • Applying dental Braces
  • Teeth whitening
  • Root Canal Treatment
  • Orthodontics
  • Cosmetic Gum Surgery
  • Dental Implants

Apart from these surgeries the patients are prescribed with some medicines too such as Ketorol DT, Vicodin, Ibuprofen and many others.