Depression

Depression is a severe disease that affects a person’s body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect anyone, destroying both family life and the work life of the person who is depressed. Symptoms include restlessness and irritability; feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and helplessness; and persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

While scientists are still searching for the exact cause or causes of depression, they do know a number of factors that increase a person’s chances of developing depression.
The three most common depression types are:

  • Major depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Dysthymia

There are some normal causes of Depression are

  • A family history of depression
  • Certain medications
  • A history of abuse
  • Certain medical illnesses
  • Hormonal factors
  • Childhood Stress or Trauma
  • Physical or mental Abuse or torture

Symptoms

The two common symptoms of depression are a depressed mood and loss of interest or daily activities and hobbies and work that were once liked. Besides these two main symptoms, other symptoms which are as follows:

  • Feelings of uselessness and pessimism
  • Faulty Feelings, irrelevance, and powerlessness
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, and being "slowed down"
  • Difficulty concentrating, memory, and making decisions
  • Sleeplessness, early-morning awakening, or sleep in
  • Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain
  • Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts
  • Restlessness and bad temper

Signs and Tests

Generally Psychiatrists confirm from the patients about depression by asking some questions or by interrogating their activities.

Moreover, the doctor may include other standard tests as part of the initial physical exam. Among them may be blood tests to check electrolytes, liver function, and kidney function. Because the kidneys and liver are responsible for the elimination of depression medications, impairment to either of these two organs may cause the drugs to accumulate in the body.

The other tests may include:

  • CT scan or MRI of the brain to rule out serious illnesses such as a brain tumor
  • Electro-cardiogram (ECG), which is used to diagnose some heart problems
  • Electro-encephalogram (EEG), which uses an apparatus for recording electrical activity of the brain

Prevention

  • Patients should take their medicine as prescribed. Depression often returns if patient stop taking the medicines.
  • Patients should continue to take the medicine after the symptoms improve. Taking the medicine for at least 6 months after feeling better can help to keep the person from getting depressed again.
  • Meditation and exercises are very much helpful in preventing depression.
  • Create a lively social life and spend good time on games
  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Have a healthy and sound sleep
  • Avoid drugs and alcohol

Treatment

To treat depression people should have enough of Omega3 Acids which is found in fish oil certain plants and nut oils.

Acupuncture could be useful as a complementary treatment for depression; however, it should never be used in place of conventional treatment.

People should also try these treatments of depression:

  • Herbs
  • Vitamins and other dietary supplements
  • Aromatherapy
  • Massage
  • Meditation
  • Reflexology
  • Yoga

Antidepressant medicines may improve or completely relieve the symptoms of depression. If you are mildly depressed, you may not have to take them, but most people with moderate or severe depression need medicine. Antidepressants like Wellburtin,  Sinequan Aventryl, Emsam, Effexor and many others.