Diabetes

Diabetes diet is prescribed to reduce Diabetes which is a chronic condition in which the body cannot properly convert food into energy. It usually increases the blood sugar levels. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational.

Reasons, occurrence and risk factors

Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin.

These risk factors include:

  • Being over 45 years of age
  • Being overweight.
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Pregnancy which causes gestational diabetes
  • Having an inactive lifestyle exercising fewer than three times per week.
  • People suffering from insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly.
  • People with a parent or sibling with diabetes are at a higher risk of getting the disease.

Symptoms

Many people with diabetes symptoms urinate more often than usual. This is because their body is trying to get rid of extra sugar through the urine. Since the sugar from the food you eat can’t get into your cells, your muscles and organs don’t have the energy they need. This can cause you to feel tired and fatigued.

These are some of the common symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Urinating more than usual
  • Frequently being very thirsty, hungry, or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Blurry vision
  • Dry or itchy skin
  • Tingling sensations in your hands or feet
  • Sores that don’t heal well
  • Feeling Dizzy or lightheaded
  • Feeling Hungry
  • Feeling Nervous and shaky

Signs and Tests

People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. Much of the daily care involves keeping blood glucose levels from getting too low or too high. The main tests of blood sugar is found through blood test which are examined as Fasting and Non-Fasting

The three main tests of Diabetes are

Hemoglobin A1C: This diabetes blood test, also called HbA1c, tells you and your doctor how well diabetes is managed over time. It measures your average blood sugar in the previous three months to see if it has stayed within a target range.
Foot Exam: Diabetes can cause nerve damage and numbness, as well as decreased circulation that makes it harder for your body to fight infection. Patients with numbness problems may not notice if they injure a foot.
Dilated Eye Exam:
If you have diabetes, your ophthalmologist or optometrist should perform a dilated eye exam, in which the pupils are widened with drops, to check for signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Prevention

Strategies for preventing diabetes include eating healthier and adding more physical activity to your lifestyle. Although people with diabetes can prevent or delay complications by keeping blood glucose levels close to normal, taking steps to prevent the condition in the first place is even better.

  • Try to have baked or boiled recipe while having meat, chicken, and fish.
  • Try to choose foods with little or no added sugar.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Take the stairs to your office. Or you can take the stairs as far as you feel comfortable, and then take the elevator.
  • Make sure you eat breakfast every day.
  • Do not stay in empty stomach for a longer time.
  • Eat smaller meals
  • Eat fewer desserts

Treatment

  • Following the healthy eating plan or diabetes diet that you and your doctor or dietitian have planned
  • Regular practicing a physical activity for a total of 30 minutes most days discuss with your doctor which activities are best for you.
  • Taking your medicines at the same time every day
  • Checking your blood glucose levels every day
  • As diabetes patients are normally advised with strict diabetes diet but the main medication in this problem is Insulin. Brand names of Insulin are Humalog, Humulin, Novolin, Lispro etc.

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