Heart Disease

Heart Disease is simple the several problems happen in heart such as blockage of arteries, blood clots, angina, Coronary heart disease, problems in heart rhythm and heart failure. Any problem could be a heart disease which interrupts the pumping of the blood in the heart.

Reasons, occurrence and Risk Factors

Heart disease is responsible for half of all deaths in the world and other developed countries, and it is a main cause of death in many developing countries too.

There are some major risk factors which can be a reason for heart diseases are:

  • High Blood Pressure or Hypertension
  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • Obesity and Overweight
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • Age of the patient
  • Gender
  • Lack of Physical Activity
  • Oral Contraceptive pills
  • Inheritance

Heart Disease Symptoms

While chest pain is the most common symptom of a heart attack, not everyone experiences chest pain during a heart attack.

  • Chest pain or chest discomfort (angina)
  • Pain in one or both arms, the left shoulder, neck, jaw, or back
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Faster heartbeats
  • Nausea (feeling sick to your stomach)
  • Abnormal heartbeats
  • Feeling very tired

Signs and Tests

Testing is performed to help determine which heart disease is present, to determine whether the disorder is acute or chronic, compared to the symptoms to monitor a cardiac event that is in progress such as a heart attack, and to determine the severity and extent of the disease.

  • ECG (electrocardiogram)
  • 24 hour ECG
  • Chest x-ray
  • Blood tests
  • Exercise ECG/Exercise tolerance test (ETT)
  • Angiography
  • Echocardiogram
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Trans-oesophageal echocardiogram (TOE)
  • Cardiac computed tomography (Cardiac CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Thallium scans (Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy)

Prevention

Diseases affecting the heart may be structural or functional. Anything that damages the heart or decreases the heart’s supply of oxygen, makes it less efficient, reduces its ability to fill and pump, will disrupt the coordinated relationship between the heart, kidneys, and blood vessels and will harm not only the heart but the rest of the body as well.

Choosing a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease or minimize its damage. Healthy choices that are important in preventing cardiovascular disease include:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating a heart-healthy diet
  • Quitting smoking
  • Knowing your risk factors
  • Monitoring your health
  • Knowing your family history
  • Making lifestyle changes
  • Taking medications timely
  • More consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Reducing

Heart Disease Treatment

Treatments for heart disease depend on the illness and its level. Acute conditions, such as a heart attack, require speedy medical intrusion to minimize heart damage. For chronic conditions, specialists may recommend that their affected patients modify their diets, lose excess weight, exercise manage stress, and quit smoking. Problems such as hypertension and diabetes should be controlled to minimize their effect on the heart. Emotion failure often requires treatment with low salt diet and diuretics to try to reduce the amount of fluid collecting as well as drugs such as digoxin to improve the function of the heart muscle.

Medications may be necessary to help cope up with the symptoms and control heart diseases. Medical procedures may be required to bypass blocked arteries, replace defective heart valves, or fix congenital abnormalities. Medicines which are used in heart disease are Cozaar, Diovan, Vasotrel, Capoten etc.