Pain Relief

Pain is one of the most common medical problems which affect maximum number of people. Pain can be steady and constant, in which case it may be an ache. It might be a throbbing pain – a pulsating pain. The pain could have a pinching sensation, or a stabbing one. Any pain which is chronic or raised from any other reasons such as back pain, joint pain, muscle pain, or any other part of the body could be really disturbing.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

Any pain can have many underlying reasons, but often no specific cause will be found and the pain will stop but the healthcare providers could project some reasons related to the patient medical history:

  • Mechanical problems such as spasms, muscle tension, and ruptured discs
  • Injuries such as sprains and fractures
  • Acquired conditions and diseases such as scoliosis and arthritis
  • Infections and tumors or any bone injury like slip disc, or an infection involving the discs that cushion the vertebrae
  • Stress
  • Any hidden injury
  • Trauma
  • Previous Accidents
  • Any neurological disorders

Symptoms

While suffering from pain you may be unable to work, and physical activity may be too painful or exhausting. But there are some symptoms which can make you constrained.

The common symptoms of chronic pain are as follows:

  • Pain that does not go away as expected after an illness or injury.
  • Pain that may be described as shooting, burning, aching, or electrical
  • Discomfort, soreness, tightness, or stiffness
  • Disability, which may include not being able to go to work or school or perform other daily activities
  • Sleeplessness, often because the pain keeps you awake during the night.
  • Withdrawal from activity and an increased need to rest

Signs and Tests

Generally on the first phase healthcare providers takes a detailed medical history as they will ask you about your general medical history, past illnesses, and overall health. The doctors try to find out the reasons of the pain from the questions about your pain and previous pain.

On the second phase a physical exam is conducted where the doctor examine those areas that are tender, weak, or numb. He or she will test your reflexes and look for other clues to the cause of your pain.

Other tests like

  • Blood tests or other laboratory tests
  • X-rays or other imaging tests such as CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds
  • Electromyogram (EMG) and nerve conduction studies or other nerve tests
  • Angiogram or other vascular studies
  • Diagnostic nerve blocks

Prevention

  • Staying in good physical and mental health may be the best way to prevent pain or help you cope with the constant pain.
  • Get enough sleep every night. Treat your health problems early; learn to alternate activity with rest throughout each day
  • Exercising regularly and in a right process.
  • Trying to eat a balanced diet
  • Trying to reduce stress in your life to prevent any pain from developing or make it worse

Treatment

Medicines can often help control chronic pain. Many different drugs, both prescription and nonprescription, are used to treat chronic pain. Medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, Corticosteroids, such as prednisone can be better option as other than surgery these are the only drugs which are able to reduce pain.

Other than exercise, good nutrition, regular massages, and pain-relieving drugs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs may be enough to manage your symptoms.