Skin Care

People usually strive hard to get a flawless skin. But often men and women face several skin problems as skin is made up of layers that are constantly changing. Problems like acne, pimples, rosacea, eczema, psoriasis, sunburn and many other relevant complications can arise. People often ignore these problems thinking as a minor allergy or rashes which sometimes become a bigger problem.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

The skin problems can arise due to any factors such as sunrays, microbial effects or some problems are occurred due to reason of genetic problem. Many of us can empathize with the physical and psychological impact of skin conditions. Skin dis-ease can be painful, itchy, red, inflamed, dry, flakey or cystic.
The reasons or the risk factors of skin problems are as follows:

  • Stress
  • Toxicity and auto-intoxication
  • Acute or chronic illness
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Food allergies
  • Low immunity and susceptibility to infections
  • Anxiety
  • Poor hygiene
  • Leaky gut or abnormal bowel flora
  • High carbohydrate diet
  • Genetic Disorders
  • Overuse of Chemicals on the skin

Symptoms

The skin is an organ that protects you from germs and infections. It is made up of water, protein, fat, and other substances. Each layer of skin serves different purposes. Some of these functions include conserving body heat, allowing you to feel pain, and protecting important organs inside your body.

There are some symptoms which really disturb the skin and make it more painful:

  • Pimples, blackheads and whiteheads
  • Red, cracked, scaly skin
  • Blisters
  • Dry Skin
  • Sunburn
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Jock itch
  • Ringworm
  • Yeast infections
  • Dandruff
  • Hives
  • Rashes
  • Cellulitis
  • Poison Ivy

Signs and Tests

A variety of skin tests may be performed to diagnose skin allergies, bacterial or fungal skin infections, and other problems affecting the skin.

Patch testing: Patch tests are used to help analyze skin allergies. Recognized allergens or substances that a person may be allergic to are applied to the skin with adhesive patches and left for a period of time. The skin is then examined for any response.

Skin biopsy: Skin biopsies are performed to diagnose skin cancer or benign skin disorders. During a skin biopsy, skin is removed (after a local anesthetic is applied) and is taken to a laboratory for analysis. Skin may be removed with a scalpel or a cylindrical punch. Stitches may be used to close the wound.

Culture: A culture is a test that is done to identify the microorganism (bacteria, fungus, or virus) that is causing an infection. Skin, hair, or nails may be cultured to detect bacteria, fungi, or viruses.

Prevention

  • Protect yourself from the sun as any complexion can become blotchy, leathery and wrinkled from continued sun overexposure.
  • Eat a healthy diet free from oily and high carbohydrate foods
  • Stop Smoking
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Keep your skin clean
  • Apply moisturizers immediately after taking a shower or bath, as this helps to trap water in the upper layers of your skin and may prevent your skin from getting dried.
  • Choose mild, super fatted soaps, which are products that have oils and fats added to them just after the soap manufacturing process

Skincare Treatment

Skin treatments for various problems have been categorized differently as they have their different medications. Over time, affected skin can become resistant to specific treatments, especially when topical corticosteroids are used.

Some common medications which are applied in skin problems are:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Benzocaines
  • Calcipotriene
  • Retinoids
  • Calcineurin inhibitors
  • Coal tar
  • Anthralin
  • Salicylic acid
  • Clobetasol propionate
  • Bath solutions
  • Moisturizers
  • Anti-bacterial