Sleeping Pills are prescribed to treat insomnia or sleeplessness and are given for a short term use. A person with insomnia may have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Other problems that result from this condition include irritability and a lack of energy. Treatment for insomnia usually involves a combination of several aspects, including eliminating any basic health problem that could be causing it, stress, and using certain behavioral techniques.

Reasons, Occurrence and Risk Factors

Many different things can cause insomnia. Some factors are more likely to result in short-term insomnia, while others are more likely to cause chronic insomnia.

The reasons or the risk factors for sleeplessness or insomnia are as follows:

  • Stress
  • Environmental noise
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Change in the surrounding environment
  • Sleep wake schedule problems which happens in 24/7 work schedule
  • Medication side effects
  • Blood Pressure
  • Depression
  • Mental Trauma
  • Asthma
  • Smoking or drinking alcohol before sleeping
  • Consuming excess coffee or caffeine products


Insomnia shares symptoms with other sleep disorders and medical conditions. Insomnia happens because it is often a side effect of other medical conditions. It is the most common sleep disorder that can have various symptoms like:

  • Sleepiness during the day
  • General tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Problems with concentration or memory
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Feeling tired upon waking
  • Not sleeping overnight

Signs and tests

People who have symptoms of insomnia and suspected that they may have this condition, the doctor will first ask the patient several questions. These questions usually focus on the medical history, any medications you are taking, and what type of work you do. To help in making an insomnia diagnosis, the patient may be asked to keep a sleep diary for a week or two. This will help the doctor to keep track of the sleep patterns and how the person feels during the day.

Insomnia generally by some basic tests and analyzing some situations like:

  • Any medications taken by the patient and its side effects
  • Medical conditions if the patient has
  • Kind of work the person does
  • The sleep history of the person


  • Keep a regular sleep-wake cycle. Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine in the four to six hours before bedtime. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and can keep you from falling asleep. Alcohol can cause you to wake in the night. It also interferes with sleep quality.
  • Don’t exercise within three hours of bedtime. Exercising five or six hours before bedtime, however, may help you sleep more soundly.
  • Sleep in a dark, quiet room with a comfortable temperature.
  • Avoid getting into conversation, an argument, upsetting news or talk shows, and do not make a late-night list of all the unfinished worries for the next day.


Treatment of Insomnia can be many. As many healthcare providers prescribe sleeping pills other than several activities. Insomnia can be treated using sleeping pills or other natural means. Identifying behaviors, such as drinking alcohol or smoking before bedtime, that may worsen insomnia and stopping or reducing them, can also help with insomnia.

In case of chronic insomnia sleeping pills such as Benzodiazepine, Sonata, Ambien, Lunesta and many others are prescribed.